Difference between revisions of "Dictionaries"

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= Dictionaries in LexBib =
= Dictionaries in LexBib =


Initially being meant for LOD-ification of publication metadata, LexBib ontology is now being further developed, so that conceptual-lexical resources (LCR) such as dictionaries can be represented, linked to other LCR through a defined set of properties, and linked to the bibliographical items or other types of distribution that embody them.
Initially being meant for LOD-ification of publication metadata, LexBib ontology is now being further developed, so that conceptual-lexical resources (LCR) such as dictionaries can be represented, linked to other LCR through a defined set of properties, and linked to the bibliographical items or other types of distribution that embody them. [[LexMeta]] is the working title of a metadata model for lexical resources.


We follow the three-level entity hierarchy for the representation of artistic or creative endavour proposed in the [https://vocab.org/frbr/core FRBR ontology], widely used in libraries, which we map to the two-level hierarchy for the representation of LCR metadata proposed in [https://github.com/ld4lt/metashare/blob/dev/metashare.owl Metashare]. These hierarchy levels, expressed as OWL classes, are the following:
==Glottolog Dictionaries==


{| class="wikitable"
LexBib now contains reference to 8000+ dictionaries imported from the [https://glottolog.org/langdoc Glottolog Bibliography] (items with doctype "Dictionary"). These are represented as LCR (class [[Item:Q4|Q4]]), and their entity data contains information about "[[Property:P122|metalanguage]]" (language the resource has been published) and "[[Property:P56|object language]]" (language(s) described in the dictionary), as listed on Glottolog. For Glottolog, that indexation of LCR with languages has been produced computationally using legacy indexations, item titles, etc. ([https://glottolog.org/meta/glossary#sec-computerizedassignment reference]), and is not perfect. Besides (frequent) gaps and (infrequent) errors, for bilingual or multilingual dictionaries, the languages represented as "metalanguage" and "object language" are actually a "target language" and/or a "source language". We are ready to start to update these relations manually. Long-term aim is to correct the indexation, and to represent LCR languages for bilingual or multilingual dictionaries as "source language" and/or "target language"; such representation would be compliant with the [[LexMeta]] model.
! FRBR class !! Metashare class !! LexBib class !! MetaShare definition
|-
| [https://vocab.org/frbr/core#term-Work frbr:Work] ||  || [[Item:Q41|Lexicographic work]] || [An abstract notion of a creation; used to group different expressions (editions, versions) of the same work]
|-
| [https://vocab.org/frbr/core#term-Expression frbr:Expression] || [http://w3id.org/meta-share/meta-share/LexicalConceptualResource ms:LexicalConceptualResource] || [[Item:Q4|LexicalConceptualResource]] || A resource organised on the basis of lexical or conceptual entries (lexical items, terms, concepts, etc.) with their supplementary information (e.g., grammatical, semantic, statistical information, etc.)
|-
| [https://vocab.org/frbr/core#term-Manifestation frbr:Manifestation] || [http://w3id.org/meta-share/meta-share/DatasetDistribution ms:DatasetDistribution] || [[Item:Q24|LCR Distribution]] || Any form with which a dataset is distributed, such as a downloadable form in a specific format (e.g., spreadsheet, plain text, etc.) or an API with which it can be accessed
|}
The entity Schemata for LexBib LCR and LCR Distributions are aligned to those of the corresponding FRBR and Metashare classes (in other words, the LexBib class is a subclass of both). This has several implications:
* Properties that describe LCR content belong to the [[Item:Q4|LCR]] item.
* Properties that describe the LCR distribution, e.g. a physical dictionay in book form, or an electronic dictionary in a dictionary web portal or as downloadable dataset, belong to the [[Item:Q24|LCR Distribution]] item.
* [[Item:Q24|LCR Distribution]] items, when they have publication metadata as books have, are [[LexBib Zotero]] items, i.e. in LexBib wikibase, members of class [[Item:Q3|LexBib BibItem]]. This applies mainly book publications, and distributions on CD-ROM. But also online electronic dictionaries are collected can have publication metadata and exist as Zotero items.
* A dictionary with the same contents in printed form, on CD-ROM, available in a mobile app, or downloadable in different serialization formats (XML, JSON, etc.) will be represented as the same resource with different distributions.


<TBC>
* Glottolog Dictionaries: [https://lexbib.elex.is/query/#PREFIX%20lwb%3A%20%3Chttps%3A%2F%2Flexbib.elex.is%2Fentity%2F%3E%0APREFIX%20ldp%3A%20%3Chttps%3A%2F%2Flexbib.elex.is%2Fprop%2Fdirect%2F%3E%0APREFIX%20lp%3A%20%3Chttps%3A%2F%2Flexbib.elex.is%2Fprop%2F%3E%0APREFIX%20lps%3A%20%3Chttps%3A%2F%2Flexbib.elex.is%2Fprop%2Fstatement%2F%3E%0APREFIX%20lpq%3A%20%3Chttps%3A%2F%2Flexbib.elex.is%2Fprop%2Fqualifier%2F%3E%0APREFIX%20lpr%3A%20%3Chttps%3A%2F%2Flexbib.elex.is%2Fprop%2Freference%2F%3E%0APREFIX%20lno%3A%20%3Chttps%3A%2F%2Flexbib.elex.is%2Fprop%2Fnovalue%2F%3E%0A%0Aselect%20%0A%3Flcr%20%0A%3FlcrLabel%20%0A%3Fyear%0A%28uri%28concat%28%22https%3A%2F%2Fglottolog.org%2Fresource%2Freference%2Fid%2F%22%2C%3FglottologID%29%29%20as%20%3FGlottolog%29%20%0A%28group_concat%28distinct%20%3FmetaLangLabel%3BSEPARATOR%3D%22%2C%20%22%29%20as%20%3Fmetalanguages%29%0A%28group_concat%28distinct%20%3FobjectLangLabel%3BSEPARATOR%3D%22%2C%20%22%29%20as%20%3Fobjectlanguages%29%0A%28group_concat%28distinct%20%3FsourceLangLabel%3BSEPARATOR%3D%22%2C%20%22%29%20as%20%3Fsourcelanguages%29%0A%28group_concat%28distinct%20%3FtargetLangLabel%3BSEPARATOR%3D%22%2C%20%22%29%20as%20%3Ftargetlanguages%29%0A%0Awhere%0A%0A%7B%20%3Flcr%20ldp%3AP5%20lwb%3AQ4%3B%0A%20%20%20%20%20%20%20ldp%3AP160%20%3FglottologID%20%3B%20%23%20restricts%20results%20to%20LCR%20imported%20from%20Glottolog%0A%20%20%20%20%20%20%20rdfs%3Alabel%20%3FlcrLabel%20.%20filter%20%28lang%28%3FlcrLabel%29%3D%22en%22%29%0A%20OPTIONAL%20%7B%3Flcr%20ldp%3AP122%20%3FmetaLang.%20%3FmetaLang%20rdfs%3Alabel%20%3FmetaLangLabel%20.%20filter%20%28lang%28%3FmetaLangLabel%29%3D%22en%22%29%7D%20%23%20%22metalanguage%22%0A%20OPTIONAL%20%7B%3Flcr%20ldp%3AP56%20%3FobjectLang.%20%3FobjectLang%20rdfs%3Alabel%20%3FobjectLangLabel%20.%20filter%20%28lang%28%3FobjectLangLabel%29%3D%22en%22%29%7D%20%23%20%22object%20language%22%0A%20OPTIONAL%20%7B%3Flcr%20ldp%3AP150%20%3FsourceLang.%20%3FsourceLang%20rdfs%3Alabel%20%3FsourceLangLabel%20.%20filter%20%28lang%28%3FsourceLangLabel%29%3D%22en%22%29%7D%20%23%20%22source%20language%22%0A%20OPTIONAL%20%7B%3Flcr%20ldp%3AP134%20%3FtargetLang.%20%3FtargetLang%20rdfs%3Alabel%20%3FtargetLangLabel%20.%20filter%20%28lang%28%3FtargetLangLabel%29%3D%22en%22%29%7D%20%23%20%22target%20language%22%0A%20OPTIONAL%20%7B%3Flcr%20lp%3AP55%20%5Blpq%3AP126%20%3Fyear%5D.%7D%0A%20%0A%7D%20group%20by%20%3Flcr%20%3FlcrLabel%20%3Fyear%20%3FglottologID%20%3Fmetalanguages%20%3Fobjectlanguages%20%3Fsourcelanguages%20%3Ftargetlanguages%0Alimit%20500%0A Query].
* Languages, and number or relations as Glottolog LCR "metalanguage" or "object language": [https://lexbib.elex.is/query/#PREFIX%20lwb%3A%20%3Chttps%3A%2F%2Flexbib.elex.is%2Fentity%2F%3E%0APREFIX%20ldp%3A%20%3Chttps%3A%2F%2Flexbib.elex.is%2Fprop%2Fdirect%2F%3E%0APREFIX%20lp%3A%20%3Chttps%3A%2F%2Flexbib.elex.is%2Fprop%2F%3E%0APREFIX%20lps%3A%20%3Chttps%3A%2F%2Flexbib.elex.is%2Fprop%2Fstatement%2F%3E%0APREFIX%20lpq%3A%20%3Chttps%3A%2F%2Flexbib.elex.is%2Fprop%2Fqualifier%2F%3E%0APREFIX%20lpr%3A%20%3Chttps%3A%2F%2Flexbib.elex.is%2Fprop%2Freference%2F%3E%0APREFIX%20lno%3A%20%3Chttps%3A%2F%2Flexbib.elex.is%2Fprop%2Fnovalue%2F%3E%0A%0Aselect%20%3Flang%20%3FlangLabel%20%28count%28%3Flcr%29%20as%20%3FnumberOfLCR%29%20%20%20where%0A%7B%20%3Flcr%20ldp%3AP5%20lwb%3AQ4%3B%0A%20%20%20%20%20%20%20ldp%3AP160%20%3FglottologID%20%3B%20%23%20restricts%20results%20to%20LCR%20imported%20from%20Glottolog%0A%20%20%20%20%20%20%20ldp%3AP122%7Cldp%3AP56%20%3Flang.%20%23%20%22metalanguage%22%20and%20%22object%20language%22%0A%20SERVICE%20wikibase%3Alabel%20%7B%20bd%3AserviceParam%20wikibase%3Alanguage%20%22%5BAUTO_LANGUAGE%5D%2Cen%22.%20%7D%0A%7D%20group%20by%20%3Flang%20%3FlangLabel%20%3FnumberOfLCR%0Aorder%20by%20desc%28%3FnumberOfLCR%29%0A Query].


= See what's in the database =
== See what's in the database ==


A graph of test items can be viewed using this [https://lexbib.elex.is/query/#%23defaultView%3AGraph%0APREFIX%20lwb%3A%20%3Chttp%3A%2F%2Flexbib.elex.is%2Fentity%2F%3E%0APREFIX%20ldp%3A%20%3Chttp%3A%2F%2Flexbib.elex.is%2Fprop%2Fdirect%2F%3E%0APREFIX%20lp%3A%20%3Chttp%3A%2F%2Flexbib.elex.is%2Fprop%2F%3E%0APREFIX%20lps%3A%20%3Chttp%3A%2F%2Flexbib.elex.is%2Fprop%2Fstatement%2F%3E%0APREFIX%20lpq%3A%20%3Chttp%3A%2F%2Flexbib.elex.is%2Fprop%2Fqualifier%2F%3E%0APREFIX%20lpr%3A%20%3Chttp%3A%2F%2Flexbib.elex.is%2Fprop%2Freference%2F%3E%0A%0Aselect%20%3Furi%20%3FuriLabel%20%3FedgeLabel%0A%3Fo%20%3FoLabel%0A%3Frgb%20%0Awhere%20%7B%0A%7B%20%3Furi%20ldp%3AP5%20lwb%3AQ24.%20%3Fexpr%20lp%3Ap55%20%3Furi%20.%20%7D%20union%20%7B%20%3Furi%20ldp%3AP5%20lwb%3AQ4%3B%20lp%3AP55%20%3Fdistr.%20%7D%20union%20%7B%20%3Furi%20ldp%3AP5%20lwb%3AQ41%3B%20lp%3AP118%20%3Frealis.%20%7D%0A%20%3Furi%20%3Fp%20%3Fo%20.%0A%3Fedge%20wikibase%3AdirectClaim%20%3Fp%20.%0AVALUES%20%3Fedge%20%7B%20lwb%3AP118%20lwb%3AP55%20%7D%23lwb%3AP125%20lwb%3AP124%20%7D%0A%23%20filter%28%3Fedge%20%21%3D%20lwb%3AP5%29%0A%23%20filter%28%3Fedge%20%21%3D%20lwb%3AP100%29%0A%23%20filter%28%3Fedge%20%21%3D%20lwb%3AP11%29%0A%20%20%3Furi%20ldp%3AP5%20%3FsClass%3B%20rdfs%3Alabel%20%3FuLabel%20.%20filter%28lang%28%3FuLabel%29%3D%22en%22%29%20filter%28%3FsClass%20%21%3D%20lwb%3AQ24%29%0A%20%20%3FsClass%20rdfs%3Alabel%20%3FsClassLabel%20.%20filter%28lang%28%3FsClassLabel%29%3D%22en%22%29%0A%20%20VALUES%20%3FsClass%20%7Blwb%3AQ4%20lwb%3AQ41%20%20%7D%0A%20%20BIND%28concat%28%3FuLabel%2C%20%22%20%28a%20%22%2C%20%3FsClassLabel%2C%20%22%29%22%29%20as%20%3FuriLabel%29%0A%20%20%3Fedge%20rdfs%3Alabel%20%3FedgeLabel%20.%20filter%28lang%28%3FedgeLabel%29%3D%22en%22%29%0A%20%20%3Fo%20rdfs%3Alabel%20%3FoLabel%20.%20filter%28lang%28%3FoLabel%29%3D%22en%22%29%0A%20%20%3Fo%20ldp%3AP5%20%3FoClass%20.%20filter%28%3FoClass%20%21%3D%20lwb%3AQ24%29%0A%20%20%3FoClass%20rdfs%3Alabel%20%3FoClassLabel%20.%20filter%28lang%28%3FoClassLabel%29%3D%22en%22%29%0A%20%20VALUES%20%3FoClass%20%7Blwb%3AQ4%20lwb%3AQ3%20lwb%3AQ13%20%7D%0A%20%20BIND%28concat%28%3FoLabel%2C%20%22%20%28a%20%22%2C%20%3FoClassLabel%2C%20%22%29%22%29%20as%20%3FobjLabel%29%0A%20%20%23optional%20%7B%3Fo%20ldp%3AP15%20%3Fdate.%7D%0A%20%20%20%20%0A%20%23%20colouring%0A%20%20BIND%20%28%0A%20%20COALESCE%28%0A%20%20%23%20%20IF%28%3Fedge%20%3D%20lwb%3AP118%20%2C%20%22CCFFE5%22%2C%201%2F0%29%2C%0A%20%20%20%20IF%28%3Fedge%20%3D%20lwb%3AP55%20%2C%20%22CCFF99%22%2C%201%2F0%29%2C%0A%20%23%20%20%20IF%28%3Fedge%20%3D%20lwb%3AP125%20%2C%20%22CCFFE5%22%2C%201%2F0%29%2C%0A%23%20%20%20%20IF%28%3Fedge%20%3D%20lwb%3AP124%20%2C%20%22FFB266%22%2C%201%2F0%29%2C%0A%20%23%20%20%20IF%28%3FoClass%20%3D%20lwb%3AQ7%20%2C%20%22FFFF99%22%2C%201%2F0%29%2C%0A%20%20%20%20%22FFB266%22%0A%20%20%29%20AS%20%3Frgb%20%29%20%0A%20%20%0A%7D%20group%20by%20%3Furi%20%3FuriLabel%20%3FedgeLabel%20%3Fo%20%3FoLabel%20%3Frgb%0A Query].
This is under construction. You can see what's there at the moment.
 
* Classes and properties relevant for dictionary metadata: mappings [https://lexbib.elex.is/query/#PREFIX%20lwb%3A%20%3Chttps%3A%2F%2Flexbib.elex.is%2Fentity%2F%3E%0APREFIX%20ldp%3A%20%3Chttps%3A%2F%2Flexbib.elex.is%2Fprop%2Fdirect%2F%3E%0A%0Aselect%20%3Furi%20%3FuriLabel%20%3Fdm_equiv%20%3Frange%20%3FrangeLabel%20%28uri%28concat%28%22http%3A%2F%2Fwww.wikidata.org%2Fentity%2F%22%2C%3Fwd%29%29%20as%20%3Fwikidata%29%20%3Fdefinition%20where%20%0A%7B%20%3Furi%20ldp%3AP42%20%3Fdm_equiv%3B%20%23%20dm_equiv%20is%20the%20entity%20identifier%20used%20in%20our%20Dictionary%20Metadata%20%28DM%29%20RDF%20model%0A%20%20%20%20%20%20%20rdfs%3Alabel%20%3FuriLabel.%0A%20filter%28lang%28%3FuriLabel%29%3D%22en%22%29%0A%20OPTIONAL%20%7B%20%3Furi%20ldp%3AP48%20%3Frange%20.%20%3Frange%20rdfs%3Alabel%20%3FrangeLabel.%20filter%28lang%28%3FrangeLabel%29%3D%22en%22%29%7D%0A%20OPTIONAL%20%7B%20%3Furi%20ldp%3AP2%20%3Fwd%20.%20%7D%0A%20OPTIONAL%20%7B%20%3Furi%20ldp%3AP42%20%3Fdm_equiv%20.%20%7D%0A%20OPTIONAL%20%7B%20%3Furi%20ldp%3AP80%20%3Fdefinition%20.%20%7D%0A%20BIND%20%28xsd%3Ainteger%28REPLACE%28str%28%3Furi%29%2C%20%22https%3A%2F%2Flexbib.elex.is%2Fentity%2FQ%22%2C%20%22%22%29%29%20as%20%3Forder%20%29%0A%7D%20order%20by%20%3Forder%0A Query].
 
* A graph of test items can be viewed using this [https://lexbib.elex.is/query/#%23defaultView%3AGraph%0APREFIX%20lwb%3A%20%3Chttps%3A%2F%2Flexbib.elex.is%2Fentity%2F%3E%0APREFIX%20ldp%3A%20%3Chttps%3A%2F%2Flexbib.elex.is%2Fprop%2Fdirect%2F%3E%0APREFIX%20lp%3A%20%3Chttps%3A%2F%2Flexbib.elex.is%2Fprop%2F%3E%0APREFIX%20lps%3A%20%3Chttps%3A%2F%2Flexbib.elex.is%2Fprop%2Fstatement%2F%3E%0APREFIX%20lpq%3A%20%3Chttps%3A%2F%2Flexbib.elex.is%2Fprop%2Fqualifier%2F%3E%0APREFIX%20lpr%3A%20%3Chttps%3A%2F%2Flexbib.elex.is%2Fprop%2Freference%2F%3E%0A%0Aselect%20%3Furi%20%3FuriLabel%20%3FedgeLabel%0A%3Fo%20%3FoLabel%0A%3Frgb%20%0Awhere%20%7B%0A%7B%20%3Furi%20ldp%3AP5%20lwb%3AQ24.%20%3Fexpr%20lp%3Ap55%20%3Furi%20.%20%7D%20union%20%7B%20%3Furi%20ldp%3AP5%20lwb%3AQ4%3B%20lp%3AP55%20%3Fdistr.%20%7D%20union%20%7B%20%3Furi%20ldp%3AP5%20lwb%3AQ41%3B%20lp%3AP118%20%3Frealis.%20%7D%0A%20%3Furi%20%3Fp%20%3Fo%20.%0A%3Fedge%20wikibase%3AdirectClaim%20%3Fp%20.%0AVALUES%20%3Fedge%20%7B%20lwb%3AP118%20lwb%3AP55%20%7D%23lwb%3AP125%20lwb%3AP124%20%7D%0A%23%20filter%28%3Fedge%20%21%3D%20lwb%3AP5%29%0A%23%20filter%28%3Fedge%20%21%3D%20lwb%3AP100%29%0A%23%20filter%28%3Fedge%20%21%3D%20lwb%3AP11%29%0A%20%20%3Furi%20ldp%3AP5%20%3FsClass%3B%20rdfs%3Alabel%20%3FuLabel%20.%20filter%28lang%28%3FuLabel%29%3D%22en%22%29%20filter%28%3FsClass%20%21%3D%20lwb%3AQ24%29%0A%20%20%3FsClass%20rdfs%3Alabel%20%3FsClassLabel%20.%20filter%28lang%28%3FsClassLabel%29%3D%22en%22%29%0A%20%20VALUES%20%3FsClass%20%7Blwb%3AQ4%20lwb%3AQ41%20%20%7D%0A%20%20BIND%28concat%28%3FuLabel%2C%20%22%20%28a%20%22%2C%20%3FsClassLabel%2C%20%22%29%22%29%20as%20%3FuriLabel%29%0A%20%20%3Fedge%20rdfs%3Alabel%20%3FedgeLabel%20.%20filter%28lang%28%3FedgeLabel%29%3D%22en%22%29%0A%20%20%3Fo%20rdfs%3Alabel%20%3FoLabel%20.%20filter%28lang%28%3FoLabel%29%3D%22en%22%29%0A%20%20%3Fo%20ldp%3AP5%20%3FoClass%20.%20filter%28%3FoClass%20%21%3D%20lwb%3AQ24%29%0A%20%20%3FoClass%20rdfs%3Alabel%20%3FoClassLabel%20.%20filter%28lang%28%3FoClassLabel%29%3D%22en%22%29%0A%20%20VALUES%20%3FoClass%20%7Blwb%3AQ4%20lwb%3AQ3%20lwb%3AQ13%20%7D%0A%20%20BIND%28concat%28%3FoLabel%2C%20%22%20%28a%20%22%2C%20%3FoClassLabel%2C%20%22%29%22%29%20as%20%3FobjLabel%29%0A%20%20%23optional%20%7B%3Fo%20ldp%3AP15%20%3Fdate.%7D%0A%20%20%20%20%0A%20%23%20colouring%0A%20%20BIND%20%28%0A%20%20COALESCE%28%0A%20%20%23%20%20IF%28%3Fedge%20%3D%20lwb%3AP118%20%2C%20%22CCFFE5%22%2C%201%2F0%29%2C%0A%20%20%20%20IF%28%3Fedge%20%3D%20lwb%3AP55%20%2C%20%22CCFF99%22%2C%201%2F0%29%2C%0A%20%23%20%20%20IF%28%3Fedge%20%3D%20lwb%3AP125%20%2C%20%22CCFFE5%22%2C%201%2F0%29%2C%0A%23%20%20%20%20IF%28%3Fedge%20%3D%20lwb%3AP124%20%2C%20%22FFB266%22%2C%201%2F0%29%2C%0A%20%23%20%20%20IF%28%3FoClass%20%3D%20lwb%3AQ7%20%2C%20%22FFFF99%22%2C%201%2F0%29%2C%0A%20%20%20%20%22FFB266%22%0A%20%20%29%20AS%20%3Frgb%20%29%20%0A%20%20%0A%7D%20group%20by%20%3Furi%20%3FuriLabel%20%3FedgeLabel%20%3Fo%20%3FoLabel%20%3Frgb%0A Query]. You can change view mode to "table".

Latest revision as of 08:26, 30 May 2022

Dictionaries in LexBib

Initially being meant for LOD-ification of publication metadata, LexBib ontology is now being further developed, so that conceptual-lexical resources (LCR) such as dictionaries can be represented, linked to other LCR through a defined set of properties, and linked to the bibliographical items or other types of distribution that embody them. LexMeta is the working title of a metadata model for lexical resources.

Glottolog Dictionaries

LexBib now contains reference to 8000+ dictionaries imported from the Glottolog Bibliography (items with doctype "Dictionary"). These are represented as LCR (class Q4), and their entity data contains information about "metalanguage" (language the resource has been published) and "object language" (language(s) described in the dictionary), as listed on Glottolog. For Glottolog, that indexation of LCR with languages has been produced computationally using legacy indexations, item titles, etc. (reference), and is not perfect. Besides (frequent) gaps and (infrequent) errors, for bilingual or multilingual dictionaries, the languages represented as "metalanguage" and "object language" are actually a "target language" and/or a "source language". We are ready to start to update these relations manually. Long-term aim is to correct the indexation, and to represent LCR languages for bilingual or multilingual dictionaries as "source language" and/or "target language"; such representation would be compliant with the LexMeta model.

  • Glottolog Dictionaries: Query.
  • Languages, and number or relations as Glottolog LCR "metalanguage" or "object language": Query.

See what's in the database

This is under construction. You can see what's there at the moment.

  • Classes and properties relevant for dictionary metadata: mappings Query.
  • A graph of test items can be viewed using this Query. You can change view mode to "table".